Chloe Pascal Crawford


Buddy System installation gallery view

Buddy System & So Much Better Than We Were
2020, installation & mural

[View of an installation in a gallery room. On the back wall there are double emergency exit doors and windows which run the entire length along the top. A Rutgers University felt pennant attached to a wooden pole taped to the wall is in front of the windows. The lower halves of the walls are painted a slightly different shade of white as the rest of the walls. There is 3-inch wide painted black trim along the bottom of the walls and the door frames. Hanging on the left and right walls are two small rectangular works.]
Buddy System installation gallery view

Buddy System & So Much Better Than We Were
2020, installation & mural

[Another view of the gallery room. On the right are the double exit doors. The back wall is divided by a doorway, through which other gallery rooms and artworks are visible. The bottom half of the right wall is painted a slightly different shade of white as the rest of the walls. There is also black trim along the bottom of the wall and the door frame. The bottom half of the left wall is painted red, and has black trim just along the door frame. There is a wooden bench against the red wall.]
Buddy System installation gallery view

Buddy System & So Much Better Than We Were
2020, installation & mural

[A corner view of the gallery room. There is a doorway in the corner. The bottom half of the right wall is painted red with a wooden bench in front of it. The bottom half of the left wall is painted a slightly different shade of white as the rest of the walls, and has black trim on the bottom. There is a bulletin board on the wall.]
Buddy System installation gallery view

Buddy System & So Much Better Than We Were
2020, installation & mural

[Another corner view of the gallery room. There is black painted trim along the bottom of the walls. On the right wall is a bulletin board. On the left wall is an ipad on top of a Rutgers University charging station. The spotlights on the ceiling are on and pointed in various directions.]

Buddy System mimics the public spaces in Civic Square Building, which houses Rutgers University's Mason Gross School of the Arts. For So Much Better Than We Were, the walls were patched, repaired and painted using the same shade of white as in the building’s public hallways, with the same black trim, and accent wall of Rutgers’ official color, Scarlet Red.

The repair work was a nearly invisible but integral part to set the conditions for the painting and display of the other work. This highlights the hidden, devalued labor within gallery or institutional spaces, such as custodial, janitorial and maintenance. And is also analogous to the labor disabled people do to set the conditions for their existence or appearance in a (public) space. This has much in common with other forms of unwaged labor, which increasingly as it pertains to disability, is largely administrative navigation of bureaucratic systems.

The work stopped in a straight line at my perpetually-seated height (51 inches), dividing the walls as areas of care or attention, and neglect. The floor was swept, washed, and shined, but nothing was altered above the division line, including the lighting. The hanging of the other works on top of the mural bypassed traditional gallery guidelines which stipulate work ought to rest at the eye-level of the average standing viewer, guidelines which also prescribe what constitutes the average viewer.

The title Buddy System is sourced from Rutgers University Institutional Planning’s official policy on the “Evacuation of Individuals with Physical Disabilities.” The buddy system is described there as:

During the first week of classes or employment, make acquaintances with fellow students, residents, class members, or office workers. Inform them of any special assistance that may be required in the event of a fire alarm. [...] When the fire alarm sounds, the ‘Buddy’ (or assistant) will make sure of the location of the person with a disability, then go outside and inform emergency personnel that a person in that location needs assistance in leaving the building. Emergency personnel will then enter the building and evacuate that person.

The policy advises against the very collective responsibility and caring relationship the term suggests. The plan tamps down the reciprocal nature of relationships as though the roles of helper and helpee are fixed and defined by absence or presence of disability. In actuality, these roles are flexible and changeable, as disability is in itself. One does not need to be disabled to require help. Further troubling, the policy suggests a disabled person needs to be liked, or have some kind of mutually positive relationship with another person, in order to receive, in this case, life-saving assistance.

Buddy System installation gallery view

Buddy System & So Much Better Than We Were
2020, installation & mural

[Another corner view of the gallery room. There is black painted trim along the bottom of the walls. There are windows at the top of the left wall. In front of the windows is a Rutgers felt pennant flag on wooden dowels taped together to form a pole. The pole is taped to the wall. On the right wall there is a small photograph in a wooden frame.]
Buddy System (Video) closeup view

Buddy System (Video) installation
video playing on tablets and smartphones, on Rutgers University charging kiosk.
27 inches x 38 inches

[Charging kiosk with a shelf. On the shelf is an ipad on a simple display stand, and two smart phones. They are all attached to power cords which disappear through a hole in the center of the shelf.]

Buddy System (Score)
2020, companion to Buddy System (Video)

Read or skim this article, Westchester School Leaves Behind Disabled Students in Fire Evacuation.
Read or skim this article, Disabled Students Are Left Behind in School Shooting Responses.
Read or skim this article, School Settles Claim It Didn’t Evacuate Disabled Student During Fire Alarm.
Pause on or re-read any parts that resonate with you.

Copy and paste the following email thread into an email and send it to yourself.

On Tue, Sep 11, 2018 at 5:01 PM chloe crawford wrote:

Hi Clint,

Thank you so much for finding out this information and passing it on. This sounds like a workable plan for me, but it doesn't really take into account people who are just visiting and can't rely on a buddy system.

But I will bring my concerns to the disability office.

Thanks again!


On Mon, Sep 10, 2018 at 11:43 AM Clint Baker wrote:

Good morning Chloe,

I reached out to Associate Dean Jacquie Mizrahi regarding your questions on Emergency Procedures for CSB and LAB. Please see Dean Mizrahi's response to my email below. Please review her response along with the Emergency Procedures below.

If you have any questions please speak with me.

Thank you,

Clint Baker
Department of Art & Design
Mason Gross School of the Arts
Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey
33 Livingston Avenue, New Brunswick, NJ 08901

From: Jacquie Mizrahi
Sent: Monday, September 10, 2018 11:12:37 AM
To: Clint Baker
Subject: FW: Emergency procedures - CSB


I am enclosing the information relayed to me from Josh Brody, Manager of Building Svcs for the Civic Square Building. Please review and pass along to Chloe.

In short, she should enlist a buddy (or several) to act on her behalf in the event of an emergency. Since LAB is a single story building, her egress would be unimpeded in the event of a fire. The same procedures would apply for sheltering in place.

She might want to input a few cell phone #’s in her phone to ensure that she has ready access to her buddies, to University Public Safety (the non-emergency # is 732-932-7111; she should use 911 any emergency).


From: Josh Brody
Sent: Monday, September 10, 2018 10:47 AM
To: Jacquie Mizrahi
Subject: Re: Emergency procedures

Our building's particular strategy for those who rely on the elevators is a combination of Buddy-System to alert the emergency services and Shelter-In-Place.

Our building's construction is steel and poured concrete. We have fire-rated doors (90-minutes), firewalls, fire-resistant ceiling tiles (25-minutes-per-tile), a smoke purge system that will work to keep breathable air in the building, and full-coverage with our sprinkler system.

During an evacuation, the building coordinator (primarily myself, secondarily my part-time staff) acts as the point person and meets with emergency services while the rest of the occupants evacuate to the sidewalk (off the patio.) We're directed stand by the door and people who need to relay important information (such as designated "buddies") generally give it to us on the way out so we relay it to the fire department. This is standard operating procedure for my staff here.

We haven't designated any particular spaces to be any safer, but in my experience if we had to, the corridors near the front stairwells would make the most logistical sense as thats how the fire crews go up, and have sprinkler coverage.

Regarding an active-shooter situation, when Bloustein had their active-shooter walkthrough some time ago, I remember hearing that the doors are also somewhat ballistic proof, so if they are capable of entering an office or studio where they can lock the door (via the mechanism on the side) then it is advisable to shelter-in-place in such a room.

We have an EAP (Emergency Action Plan) stored at the front desk and Rutgers keeps their policy on this particular issue here.
The entire public EAP can be downloaded here.

Please let me know if you have any additional questions.

Josh Brody
Manager of Building Services
Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy
Mason Gross School of the Arts – Department of Art & Design
848-932-5201 / 732-552-7024 / 848-229-1004

From: chloe crawford
Sent: Friday, September 7, 2018 11:12 AM
To: Clint Baker
Subject: Emergency procedures

Hi Clint,

Not sure who to direct this to, but where can I find out the emergency procedures for people w disabilities in CSB and LAB?

This would include where the designated spot for people to wait if they need assistance, like a fireproof stairwell, also if the building has a stair-chair to use in evacuations etc. I am registering w disability office, and know that in theory they should know (and would also hopefully know for every building campus) but in practice it’s more important for everyone in the actual building to know.

My hope would be we could update the emergency procedures letter that’s on all the studio doors with one that includes info for people w disabilities, and also put signs up for designated areas of refuge.



In your phone, create a new contact and save this number: 732-932-7111.
Give it the first name Rutgers University Public Safety and the last name My Buddy.

Scroll to the bottom of this webpage, Rutgers University Institutional Planning Emergency Services.
Select the last link for Emergency Evacuation of Handicapped Individuals.
Study every word on that page, and record it to memory.

Copy, paste and save this list in your notes app:

Elevator out of service
9/18 - 9/23 front
9/23 both
9/26 both
9/27 freight
10/14 both
11/13 front
11/16 - 11/18 front
11/20 front
12/30 - ? freight

Search for emergency evacuation chairs on
Find the chair that seems the safest and add it to your shopping cart.

In your browser, search for the ADA information line.
Call their number, 1-800-514-0301.
Press 2 at the first menu.
Press 2 at the second menu.
Hang up before speaking to anyone.

Go back to your browser and search the term disabled students fire.
Read any articles you find.


Buddy System (Sign) installed near emergency doors

Buddy System (Sign)
silkscreen on found acrylic sign

[Screen-printed text on found acrylic sign used by Rutgers University for way-finding and emergency evacuation information. Installed next to an emergency exit with double doors and actual official signage.]
Buddy System (Sign) close up view

Buddy System (Sign)
silkscreen on found acrylic sign
11 inches x 9 inches

[Black acrylic sign with a white arrow pointing to the left, used by Rutgers University in the Civic Square Building for way-finding and signifying emergency procedures such as fire-rated stairwells. Screen-printed with light gray text reading: I am on this floor right now. In case of fire or other emergency I will attempt to seek refuge. As you exit, please let emergency personnel know I am in here. Your buddy, Chloe.]
Buddy System (Instructions) closeup view

Buddy System (Instructions)
prints on vin-tak bulletin board, push-pins, sticker label
34 inches x 24 inches

[Printed and embossed text in English, English Braille, and Spanish on vin-tak bulletin board used by Rutgers University. Text is proposed instructions for evacuting the building, and an illustration in the style of ISO-graphics of a person using a powerchair, a person of short stature holding a dog wearing a harness, and a taller upright person, fleeing down a ramp away from flames. There is a sticker on the lower right corner of aluminum frame of the bulletin board.]

Text in Buddy System (Instructions)

What To Do In a Fire Emergency
Mason Gross School of the Arts, Civic Square Building

This building has alarms that will go on when there is an emergency.

An emergency could be fire, smoke, or the smell of burning in or near the building, or toxic material released in or near the building.

The emergency alarms will:
sound like a voice speaking the words “this is an emergency, leave the building," in English and Spanish,
look like a scrolling text screen showing the words “this is an emergency, leave the building” in English and Spanish, and flashing lights which are programmed to not cause photosensitive seizures,
and feel like vibrations if you are wearing an alert bracelet.

Alert bracelets, light-blocking glasses, and noise-blocking headphones can be borrowed as you come into the building.

When an emergency alarm is on, leave the building quickly.

As you leave the building, do what you can to help other people and animals also leave.

Take the shortest path from where you are to an exit ramp or fire and water secured elevator. If you reach an exit and it is blocked, go to another exit.
If you leave by the front of the building, wait in front of the State Theater.
If you leave by the back of the building, wait near the parking lot guard station.
If you are in the parking garage, leave your car, exit up the ramp, and wait across the street.

Stay outside until the emergency is over. An emergency official will tell you when it is safe to go back inside.

Buddy System (Photo) close up view

Buddy System (Photo)
photo in wooden frame, sticker label
14 inches x 11 inches

[Photo in a white wooden frame. Photo depicts a blue metal fire-rating medallion from Eggers Industries in Neenah, Wisconsin found on the side of a wooden door near the gallery space in the Civic Square Building. the medallion designates that when this door is closed, it provides a barrier to smoke and fire for 1 hour. The photo is rotated so that the medallion appears horizontal instead of vertical as it exists in real life. Next to the framed photo is a label on the wall reading: Chloe Crawford, MFA 2020, Fire Door, 2020, Photo. This piece mimics how student artwork is displayed in CSB's public hallways.]
Buddy System (Flag) close up view

Buddy System (Flag)
Rutgers pennant, wood, duct tape, air
18 inches x 9 feet

[Rutgers felt pennant flag on several wooden dowels duct-taped together to create a longer pole in order to reach the window about 10 feet up. The pole is taped to the wall, and arcs making the flag appear droopy. There is an air vent above the flag causing it to wave slightly.]
Buddy System (Flag) animated gif

Buddy System (Flag)
no audio gif

[Air from vents above a Rutgers felt pennant on a wooden pole taped to the wall, causes it to wave and wobble slightly in front of a high window.]
Pacing (For Mason Gross) installation view

Pacing (For Mason Gross)
2020, installation with video projection, modeling paste, paint

[A small, dark room painted black, with a projected video on the back wall. Video shows a white rectangle with a neon orange pennant flag on a pole in front of it.]
Pacing (For Mason Gross) gif

Pacing (For Mason Gross)
no audio gif

[Video is projected on a painted white rectangle in an otherwise small dark room painted black. The video was filmed in the same room, it shows a close-up of the white rectangle with a little bit of the space on either side. An orange flag on an aluminum pole attached to my manual wheelchair, moves across the screen front of the white rectangle, then up the side of the video, and again across the screen but closer to the camera, then back down the other side of the video. This motion repeats continuously. At times the top of my head wearing a black hat is visible. On the walls of the room are lumps of paint and molding paste that were applied as I moved around the room without using my wheelchair rims and instead pushed my hands off the walls.]
What Goes Up Installation

What Goes Up, Must Come Down
2019, installation with photograph and repaired and painted walls as far as I could reach

[A small room with white walls, a concrete floor, and drop ceiling with styrofoam tiles and flourescent and spot lights. Roughly in the vertical center of the back wall is a photograph running the entire width of the wall. ]
What Goes Up Installation closeup

What Goes Up, Must Come Down
installation close-up

[Close up of the photo strip on the wall. The photo on the wall depicts the portion of the wall directly below it. Above the photo the wall is unrepaired with holes and dirt smudges, below the photo the wall is smoother and freshly painted.]
What Goes Up Installation

What Goes Up, Must Come Down
installation with photograph and repaired and painted walls as far as I could reach

[View of corner of the room, a portion of the photograph is visible. On the right wall is a barely perceptible paint ending line with smudges and dirt marks above it. ]
Blue installation view

2018, installation

[Blue is an installation of 8 pieces arranged along three adjoining white walls. Blue Line is a thin blue chalk line 68 inches up from the ground running across the entire length of the walls, approximately 29 feet. All the other works are hung below this line.]
Blue (Tile)

Blue (Tile)
acrylic on canvas
72 inches x 28 inches

[A painting of many of small rectangular blue tiles surrounded by white grout. At the bottom of the tiles are waves of water, the tiles viewed through the water are wavy and distorted. The painting is hung less than 1 inch above the waxed, grey vinyl-tiled floor. The painting is reflected on the floor appearing wavy and disorted.]
Reach New Heights Paintings

Reach New Heights
2018, diptych, acrylic on canvas as far as I could reach
each, 38 inches x 48 inches

[Two rectangular acrylic paintings hung next to each other. The left painting depicts a pale-skinned woman in a manual wheelchair near a pool. Behind her, are long leg braces, a striped towel, and an arm crutch leaning on a bench. The painted part of the canvas ends in an irregular, uneven line about 40 inches up from the bottom, with the top 8 inches left as raw, unprimed and unpainted canvas. The right painting has this same irregular line with raw canvas above it, but the division between the painted and unpainted parts happens about 20 inches up from the bottom. The right painting depicts the same woman lifting her body out of the pool with her back towards us. The bottom part of her wheelchair is visible on the pool deck. The two paintings are hung staggered next to each so that the ragged lines and unpainted raw canvas parts line up.]